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Flora on Canvas

EUROPAN 12
Adaptable City
Kaiserslautern - From Mono-Large To Multi-Mix

Descrizione:

Urban Influences

The project area is located in an area of development that has maintained its industrial buildings formed over the years. The main objective of the project is to make the Pfaff area an urban living area, from a social and architectural perspective. In the Pfaff Area some historical traces are clearly legible, identified in the imposing sandstone buildings dating back to the early 1900s; these artefacts define the major directions and the dominant features of the site, which is cut longitudinally and transversely by historical roads perpendicular to each other. Most of the other buildings, which can be seen today, were built in the years between 1930 and 1950, to bridge the wide gaps between the older buildings. The site is connected to the rest of the city mainly by the large artery Konig Strasse, which runs from the city centre towards the south-west of the city introducing the technology and education area. However, the project site does not have functional relationships with the rest of the city. Surrounding the Pfaff Area there are different zones, each with its own predominant use, such as the residential area, the health care area and the university area. This makes the project site a potential key site of the city and the entire project proposal moves from this observation.

 

Project Concept

The concept of the project is developed in parallel on two levels, treated in two different ways. These conceptual plans find in their vertical interaction the solution for a harmonious functional penetration. The lower plate is spread by an orthogonal grid generated by the rhythms of the historical traces acknowledged on the website. On this grid there are large buildings that form a rhythmic basis, which mainly hosts the functions of the techno-pole. The upper level comes into being by the transposition in the site of the urban influences recognized in the context. The volumes, of different heights, are divided into two main directions: a residential track and a techno-cultural direction, in accordance with the adjacent urban functions. This overlapping of backgrounds takes the upper volumes to an ever-changing relationship with the lower ones, thus giving rise to the vertical mix that characterizes the entire masterplan, with buildings that house within them various functions for a continuous daily use. Even if the two layers have a separate origin and shape, like a painting on a canvas, like an affirmation of unity in diversity. The lower level is designed to blend past and present, the story of ancient and modern, like threads in a fabric. In the upper plate the urban matter configures a break, or better, a fragmentation:  from compact buildings to a dispersed network, from larger and higher buildings to smaller ones. This system materializes a sort of flora, referring to the natural vegetation, which is irregular and disordered on a large scale, but regular and carefully proportioned to smaller scale. The public spaces cross the entire project site. This way urban life penetrates in the old industrial area and interacts with the buildings at different levels, thus increasing the mix of functions that extends to the continuous contamination between open and closed spaces, built spaces and green areas.

Credits:

Team Leader: Giovanna Marchei
Design Team: Dunamis Architettura (Stefano Balassone, Lorenzo Cantalini, Giovanna Marchei, Roberta Pezzuti), Mauro Mauriello, Marta D’Alessandro
Collaboratori: Nicoletta Colagrande

Awards:

Project included in the Short-list as fourth ranked | LINK |

Site:
Kaiserslautern – Germany

Year:
2013

Client:
Municipalità di Kaiserslautern

Program:
162.000 mq – Masterplan of the former Pfaff Area